名家——贾平凹:我心目中的小说

  • 日期:07-14
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我的小说最终越来越无法回答几句话。我的初衷是让我尽可能地写出生命的流动。越多越好,但我会尽力宣传我的形象。

我相信小说不是一个故事或纯粹基于形式的文字游戏。我的缺点是我的灵魂能量不是很大,对世界的看法还不够。形而上学和形而上学关节的工作仍然做得不好。

当然,我的小说也没有写,但我试着尝试。

如今,写小说的方法有很多种,小说的概念应该改变。我主张在工作的境界和内涵上,必须借鉴西方的现代意识,正式坚持民族。

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什么是小说?小说是讲述故事的一种演讲。

我们已经做了很多努力世界上有很多作家和作品,如何走过它们,仍然是事实上,他们都试图提出新的主张。

很长一段时间,当我们开始成为一名作家并希望留言时,我们似乎已经习惯了。

也就是说,它是茶馆的鼓书,甚至街头的石膏卖家,轰动,打鼾,渲染气氛,创造悬念,善于抒情。

或者坐在舞台上的政治报告的领导者,慢慢喝茶,换眼镜,走空洞,做出大手势,并发表慷慨的评论。

无论是否认真,这种言论总是在人群面前或桌面上,而发言者和听众都知道他们的立场。

当现代外国人的声明进入中国时,言论发生了革命。外国人的意图非常好。它是打破它们之间的差距,并试图让发言者和听众交谈和讨论。

但是,当我们接管这个声明时,它几乎发生了变化。

如果干部去农村调查,即使他们脸上露出亲切的笑容,他们说他们是油腻和咸的,国家的人都明白这一切都是为了调查。

遂我对调查人员的伪造感到无聊。真正的僧侣和真正的僧侣是两回事。

现在致命的是,有些小说与小说太相似,有些不是小说的小说,只是表明他们还在做小说。

小说真的处于两难境地。它什么都没有。在一个晚上,告诉一个家庭或朋友和亲戚。

与家人和朋友交谈,你不需要任何技能,而且通常都是正确的。而在晚上,这通常只是一个真实的谈话,我们可以谈谈很长一段时间。

一开始,我可能会说米粉。它应该在黎明之前结束。也许我已经说过了二爷的帽子。

想了想之后,你怎么用米线说出二爷的帽子?这种转变和转型如何?一切都来自大自然!

禅不能说,这不是禅!

这部小说让人们看到他们正在做的事情,他们正在做伎俩,这些伎俩被打破了。能说生活是正常的,生活是一个故事,故事有自己的技能。

因此,想要打破小说创作的人越多,他们想要的形式就越多,适得其反,他们就像小说一样写得越多。

因此,小说的成功不依赖于主题,也不是由于所谓的结构。读者不喜欢章节或讲故事的小说之所以如此。

那些试图改变观点,孤立观点,甚至直接参与写作等的人之所以没有达到预期的效果。

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Spirit

I once wrote in a short article that after the road was established, Germany would reposition itself.

For literature, I was amazed at the changes in my judging criteria and aesthetic tastes.

When I read《红楼梦》and《楚辞》and read《老人与海》and《尤利西斯》, what I appreciated was their mood and writing, which was their whimsy and grace.

But I can't understand how they wrote such a work. Now that I am picking up and reading again, I am no longer interested in extracting wonderful sentences and paragraphs.

I am touched by the surface of the text, but the soul of the writer outside the work or hidden behind the text!

Occasionally, I saw a couplet, and the next one was: "Qingtianyihe sees the spirit", I have a long stream of tears, I finally understand that the spirit of the crane comes from the sky!

Looking back, some of the works that have fascinated me are far away from me. Those shallow things, even though they are being swayed by speculators, are stunned by the crowds, but they are no longer tempted and deceived.

The pursuit of holiness, solitude, vitality and freshness has made me more and more lost in the beauty, freshness and form of the past.

I am a Shangzhou native in Shaanxi. Shangzhou is now a northwestern one. In history, it belongs to the Chu world. My talents have rough elements and things in the spiritual source.

I am wary of walking along the path of the spiritual source and gradually getting smaller. I also understand how I develop my rough sky, and the agility in the rough sky is natural.

I am also confident that when I first read《红楼梦》and《聊斋志异》, I immediately felt a corresponding.

I don't lack their writing sentiment and fun, but the barriers in their chests are understood by me in the middle ages of the end of the century.

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我失去了一些原始读者。他们的离开使我感到悲伤和快乐。我不得不改变我的读者并征服他们以吸引他们。

我重新定位了我的写作,重新理解了我所读过的经典,我觉得这是基于丰富的年龄和经验。

时代的感受和生活的感受并不是每个人都能理解的。

即使您意识到自己站在第一步,您也只能体验第二步,而不是从第一步开始理解第四步和第五步。

今天,世纪末的影子挥之不去。男孩和女孩正在唱出他们年轻时的悲伤。他们并没有太多的尴尬。

街上的盲人匆忙,他们渴望得到他们支付的工资和价格。他们只关心自己和家人。

风吹过,所有的树都要摇摆,钟声还在远处。老人,他没有去悬臂,他没有激怒,他说了每个人都能理解的常用词。

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真实和虚拟

十年前,我写了一套超短小说《太白山记》。我试图第一次写一个虚拟现实,也就是说,给真实场景写一种意识。

在接下来的十年里,我对图像充满热情。我总是想让这部小说变得更加暧昧,或者把现实生活变成诗歌,或者像火焰一样火上浇油,比如形而上学和形而上学的珠宝。

但我对出路感到困扰,即使它出来了,治疗也是如此直率甚至强加。

最初的想法不能顺利地进入读者的眼睛中心,并且发生了被忽视或严重的误解。

当我再次进行实验时,部分图像对我来说没有价值,但是情节被直接视为图像。

If the previous novel attempts to shape a tree with cement on a tree, then now I must be a tree or a tree.

Its moisture is transmitted through the veins to each leaf of each branch, allowing the tree itself to shape itself. Faced with the people and things to be written, the objects and things are made, so that the essence of all things can be realized.

The painter Jacques Meydi told him a story. When he finally gave up the traditional realist paintings that only focused on the fact that the entity was indeed "having" in 1925, he tried all the methods.

Until that "when I woke up in the morning, there was a chair in the house with a towel, but I was scared of a cold sweat.

Because the chair and the towel completely lost weight, the towel is not pressed against the chair, and the chair is not pressed against the floor, such as looking at the world in the water through transparent water.

His story reminds me once again that Laozi's interpretation of containers and windows exists as objects of purpose, and the essential meaning of existence is manifested by their usefulness.

Their usefulness is determined by their empty space, and there is an image of being nothing, and there is no basis for existence.

However, when writing is handled as an image as a whole, it needs to be done with concrete things, that is, the flow of life.

Life has its own law of self-flow, and it is necessary to go through smoothly or difficult times. This is the life itself, so it is chaotic and fresh.

The more you write, the more you live, the more virtual, the more imagery.

It’s my interest to write virtual and physical without evidence.

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Middle and west

The Han nationality in China is a large nation and a suffering nation. Its long-term feudal autocracy has formed the subconscious of the national political complex.

xxLiterature is naturally influenced by it, and there are singular works and revealing works. The singularity has always been scorned by the literati, and the revealing is regarded as a kind of responsibility and profoundness.

As a result, a set of aesthetic standards was formed, so Qu Yuan, Sima Qian, and Du Fu were praised, and they were called mainstream literature.

Accompanied by it, there is another kind of leisure literature that is almost parallel. It is actually a confrontation and supplement to mainstream literature, expounding the sentiments of life and expressing heart.

Such as Su Shi, Tao Qian and even the prose of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and even Li Bai. They are often referred to as "sin", but they must not be "sacred".

From this we can see that the emphasis on politics lies in the importance of morality, the rule of the country, the dissatisfaction of society and the intervention of the DPRK.

Leisure is to enjoy life, think and think, enlighten the mind. The work is a weapon or jade. The author is a warrior or singer. This is a characteristic of Chinese Han literature.

In foreign countries, the West, of course, also has these two forms of works, but its main feature is the analysis of human nature. Their philosophy determines their thinking and methods of technology, medicine, and diet.

Therefore, for the defects and ugliness in human nature, such as greed, viciousness, jealousy, jealousy, arrogance, wretchedness, despicableness, etc. there are many masterpieces.

The more modern literature, the more it is.

My advantage is to quietly think, I only feel that I have to change the view of literature.

Lu Xun is good, fortunately there is《阿Q正传》, which analyzes the weakness of human nature. The contemporary avant-garde writers are respected, and their efforts have great significance.

《阿Q正传》It is a complete Chinese taste. I studied《阿Q正传》more than 20 years ago, and now I have an understanding.

How stupid I am, if it is in the analysis of human nature that is filled with the sorrowfulness of the unity of nature and humanity in Chinese tradition, it is my new interest.

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